July 11, 2002
Methodist Rehabilitation Center physicians urge Mississippians to keep their cool this summer
By Jim Albritton
Health and Research News Service
JACKSON—Physicians at Methodist Rehabilitation Center are encouraging Mississippians to limit their exposure to heat, especially during the summer months.
“Exposure to extreme heat can be dangerous and potentially life threatening”, said Dr. Rahul Vohra, medical director at Methodist Rehab. “There are several heat-related illnesses that can occur, such as sunburn, cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke, and even death.”
- Sunburn causes redness and pain in the area burned. Blisters, swelling, fever, nausea, vomiting and headaches can occur.
- Heat cramps are usually severe cramps in the leg and abdomen area, accompanied by heavy sweating.
- Heat exhaustion causes weakness and lightheadedness, heavy sweating, vomiting and fainting. Skin appears cold, clammy and pale.
- Heat stroke is the most dangerous and life threatening heat illness. It causes body temperature to rise over 106 degrees. Skin appears dry and red and a person’s pulse will be fast. Victims may be disoriented, combative and argumentative. Heat stroke can quickly lead to unconsciousness and death.
Dr. Vohra recommends always wearing light colored and loose fitting clothing, staying indoors during extreme heat and to never ignore the signs of heat stroke.
“A heat stroke occurs when a person’s body temperature rises. In an effort to lower the body temperature, the brain dilates all blood vessels in the skin, “ said Dr. Vohra. “The skin usually appears red, hot and dry from dehydration.“
Dr. Vohra recommends cooling the victim as quickly as possible and taking them to a hospital.
“Place a cool rag or ice pack on the victim’s head and neck and begin massaging their extremities,” said Dr. Vohra. “Place ice on head and neck area first, followed by the armpits and groin.”
Lauren Fairburn, director of Think First, Methodist Rehab’s statewide safety and injury prevention program, says that parents and caregivers need to take extra precautions when traveling with children in the heat.
“Leaving a child in a car, even for a few minutes, can turn into a deadly situation,” said Fairburn.
Fairburn says that temperatures inside a car escalate quickly and children and pets can die in a short period of time.
“Even if the windows are rolled down and the outside temperature is 83 degrees, the temperature inside the car can reach 109 degrees Fahrenheit in approximately 15 minutes,” said Fairburn.
Dr. Vohra’s offers the following tips for staying safe during summer heat:
- Stay in a cool, well-ventilated area as much as possible during extreme heat.
- Check on the elderly often to make sure they have proper cooling systems, food and water.
- Avoid strenuous activities like running, biking and outside work during the hottest time of the day.
- Do not stay or leave anyone in closed, parked cars during hot weather.
- Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration.
- Do not drink alcohol or beverages with caffeine.
- Never bundle a baby in blankets or heavy clothing when outside in the heat. Infants sweat glands are not well developed and do not tolerate heat well.
The Think First team works with young children and teenagers and tries to prevent spinal cord, brain and other traumatic injuries by focusing on fire, bicycle, automobile, firearm, boat, swimming and diving safety.